THIS DAY - October 13-14, 1941 - mass murder of Dnipropetrovsk's Jews


"October 13…. They drove the Jews somewhere with all their valuables. Collect them in the "Luks".
Their fate varies in different ways, but nothing is known for sure: whether they were driven to minefields prepared by the Reds [Soviet Armed Forces] for the Germans [Nazists], having previously taken away all their valuables, or simply shot, or kidnapped somewhere in a concentration camp, or to the Jewish colony. Some Jews return to a special order".

From the diary of Serhiy Shvedov, a resident of Dnipropetrovsk

"October 13. Today is a tragic day for the Jews of Dnipropetrovsk. The German command asked them to take the valuables and bring them to the Main Department Store.
Our Tkachenko came from the village Sursko-Litovske and saw about three thousand Jews on the way to Zaporizhia. Among them were old men and young children! They were accompanied by several German soldiers with machine guns.
Where were they taken ??"

From the diary of Mykola Moshkov, a resident of Dnipropetrovsk

These days are one of the most tragic events in the history of our city - the mass murder of of Dnipropetrovsk's Jews in the Botanical Garden of the University on October 13-14, 1941.

After the capture of the city on August 25, 1941, the "new government" planned to create a ghetto. A "Jewish Commissioner" had already been appointed and candidates for the Judenrat were selected.

However, a decision was later made to mass exterminate the city's Jewish population. And 79 years ago, in deep ravines on the then outskirts of the city, the Nazis shot from 10,000 to 13,000 thousand Dnipropetrovsk Jews: men, women, children…

The library of the Museum "Jewish Memory and Holocaust in Ukraine"  invites you to get acquainted in detail with the tragic events:

Valentyn Rybalka