Holidays and memorial days



24.03 – Purim

The holiday commemorates the rescue of the Persian Jews from their extermination by Haman, the favorite of the Persian king Ahasuerus in the 5th century BC. On this day, the scroll of Esther (Bible book) must be read with emotional exclamations when mentioning her enemies.

On this holiday, it is customary to have fun and hold colorful Purim spiels (carnivals or theatrical performances). Among the many treats, a traditional holiday dish stands out – triangular gomentashi cookies, or “Haman's ears”.

23–24.04, 29–30.04 – Passover

The holiday commemorating the Exodus of the Jewish people from Egypt and freedom from slavery. It begins on the 14th day of the month of Nisan and is celebrated for seven days in Israel and eight days outside of it. The first and last two days of the holiday are weekends.

After sunset on Nisan 14, the whole family gathers for a festive dinner (seder). Poor friends and those who for some reason cannot spend the holiday with their relatives are also invited to it. Matzah and special dishes prepared on Passover must be served on the table.

06.05 – Holocaust and Heroism Remembrance Day' (Yom HaShoah)

Holocaust and Heroism Remembrance Day' in Israel and beyond was established by the Knesset on Nisan 27 according to the Jewish calendar in 1951. It is the 6th day after the end of the Passover holiday and a week before Yom HaZikaron (Day of Remembrance of the Fallen in Israel's Wars and Victims of Terror) and Independence Day of the State of Israel. The proximity of these dates symbolizes the path of the Jewish people to the revival of the state. On this day, the 6 million Jews who became victims of Nazism in World War II are remembered around the world. It is marked every year by the lighting of six candles in synagogues and the sounding of sirens, during which the whole of Israel falls silent. In the State of Israel, it is a National Day of Mourning. The official ceremony takes place at the Yad Vashem National Holocaust and Heroism Memorial in Jerusalem.

12.05 – Remembrance Day for those who died in Israel's wars and victims of terror (Yom HaZikaron)

Israel's National Day of Mourning. On this day, the memory of soldiers of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF), who died in wars, police officers, representatives of other security services, and victims of terrorist attacks is commemorated. Memorial Day is celebrated on the 4th of Iyar according to the Jewish calendar. On this day, nationwide events are held with the participation of representatives of the government and the army. A siren sounds and a moment of silence is observed throughout Israel.

13.05 – Israeli Independence Day (Yom Ha'atzmaut)

The main public holiday of Israel is celebrated annually in memory of the declaration of independence of the State of Israel on May 14, 1948. On this day, the Declaration of Independence of Israel was signed. The holiday is celebrated on the 5th of Iyar according to the Jewish calendar with public festivities and fireworks.

26.05 – Lag B'Omer

The Jewish holiday is celebrated on the day of the death of an outstanding figure in the history of Judaism – Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai (Rashbi, died about 160 CE), who commanded to honor him with fun. It is celebrated on the 33rd day of the Omer (18 Iyar).

In the evening after sunset, it is customary to light a bonfire in honor of Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai, dance and sing songs. Many believers travel at night to the grave of Rabbi Shimon on Mount Meron.

05.06 – Jerusalem Day (Yom Yerushaláyim)

The holiday was declared in honor of the transition to Israeli control of the eastern part of Jerusalem after the Six-Day War of 1967. During the battle for the Old City, the Jews managed to establish control over the holy places of the Temple Mount for the first time in 2000 years. This day – the 28th of Iyar according to the Jewish calendar – symbolizes the historical connection of the Jewish people with Jerusalem. It is celebrated with solemn events near the Western Wall.

12–13.06 – Shavuot

On this day, according to sacred traditions, after the Exodus of the Jews from Egypt, Moses received the 10 commandments on Mount Sinai. In the synagogue, they read the Torah scroll and talk about how the commandments were given and the contract concluded between G-d and the Jewish people.

On the first night of the holiday, it is customary to stay awake and study the Torah all night. There is a custom to decorate the house and the synagogue with greenery, flowers, tree branches, which remind us of the greenery that grew around Mount Sinai.

13.08 – The ninth of Av' (Tisha B'Av)

The National Day of Mourning of the Jewish People is the day when the First and Second Jerusalem Temples were destroyed, the expulsion of Jews from England (1290), France (1306), Spain (1492) and other tragic events in the life of the Jewish people.

The customs of this day require strict observance of fasting, it is forbidden to wear leather clothes, to work, to study the Torah, because it is a source of joy.

03–04.10 – Rosh Hashanah

The Jewish New Year, which is celebrated on two consecutive days of the autumn month of Tishrei according to the Jewish calendar. This holiday is called the Day of the “holy assembly”, when it is necessary to stop working, blow the shofar (horn) and make sacrifices. During the festive meal, it is customary to greet each other with wishes to be entered in the “Book of Life”.


12.10 – Yom Kippur

Day of fasting, repentance, and remission of sins. It is celebrated on the tenth day of the month of Tishrei according to the Jewish calendar, completing the 10 days of penance. According to the Talmud, G-d pronounces his verdict on this day, assessing the actions and life of a person for the entire past year. Traditionally, on this day, Jews abstain from food for 25 hours, spending time in intense prayers.


17–18.10 – Sukkot, Three Pilgrimage Festivals

It begins on the 15th of Tishrei according to the Jewish calendar and lasts for 7 days. On the first two days of the holiday, work is strictly prohibited. At this time, according to tradition, they eat meals (and spend the night in good weather) outside the house, in a kuren (tent) in memory of the wandering of the Jews in the Sinai desert during the Exodus from Egypt. Traditional foods on Sukkot are challah (bread), honey, and wine. Lulav (date palm branch) and etrog (citrus fruit) are also symbols of the holiday. Every day during the holiday, men, holding a lulav and an etrog, say a blessing.

24.10 – Shemini Atzeret

The eighth, final day of the Jewish holiday of Sukkot. It is celebrated on the 22nd of Tishrei. This day was established by the teachers of the Law of the Jewish people as a separate holiday, on which the commandments of Sukkot – sitting in a tent and raising a lulav – are no longer observed. It is strictly forbidden to work.

25.10 – Simchat Torah

The holiday of giving the Torah, which is celebrated immediately after the end of Sukkot (in Israel – coincides with Shmini Atzeret), in the Diaspora countries – on the 9th day (after Shemini Atzeret). On this day, the annual Torah reading cycle ends and a new one immediately begins.

On this day, a solemn procession with Torah scrolls (akaphot) is held in the synagogue, which is accompanied by dancing and festive songs.

26.12–02.01 – Hanukkah

The holiday was established in honor of the victory of the Maccabees (Hasmoneans), Jewish rebels and defenders of the faith, in the war with the Hellenistic Seleucid Empire for national independence (II century BC). The consequence of the victory was the consecration of the altar and the restoration of the Temple service. The holiday lasts for eight days, during which candles are traditionally lit in the Hanukkah (candlestick with nine candles).

On the days of Hanukkah, family meals are arranged. There must be traditional dishes fried in oil on the table, especially donuts (sufganiyot).



22.01 – Day of Unity of Ukraine

A holiday established “… taking into account the great political and historical significance of the unification of the Ukrainian People's Republic and the West Ukrainian People's Republic for the formation of a single (conciliar) Ukrainian state …”, in accordance with the Decree of the President of Ukraine “On the Day of the Unity of Ukraine” No. 42/99 of 21.01.1999. The Act of Unification of the UNR and ZUNR was proclaimed on January 22, 1919 on Sofia Square in Kyiv.

This day also commemorates the proclamation of the independence of the Ukrainian People's Republic by the IV Universal of the Ukrainian Central Rada on January 22, 1918.

27.01 – International Holocaust Remembrance Day

Commemorative date introduced by the decision of the General Assembly of the United Nations in 2005. It is commemorated annually on the day of the liberation of the Nazi death camp Auschwitz-Birkenau (Oświęcim, Poland) by the troops of the 1st Ukrainian Front in 1945. It was in this camp that the Nazis killed about 1 million Jews, as well as Poles, Roma, Ukrainians, and Soviet prisoners of war. Ukraine has been celebrating this day at the state level since 2012, according to the resolution of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine “On the 70th anniversary of the tragedy of Babyn Yar”.

29.01 – Heroes of Kruty Remembrance Day

The battle near Kruty (now Chernihiv region) took place on January 29, 1918, during the Bolshevik intervention in Ukraine. The aggressor was opposed by the military formations of the Ukrainian People's Republic. A significant part of its defenders were volunteers – students at the Ukrainian National University, Kyiv University, high school students. Retreating, part of the student hundred got surrounded, lost their bearings, and went to the Kruty station, which was already occupied by the Bolsheviks. 27 captured young men were shot. The youngest victim was only 16 years old.

This battle became for the Ukrainian people a symbol of heroism and self-sacrifice of the young generation in the struggle for independence. Thanks to the victory and courage of the Ukrainian soldiers, the hostile attack of the Bolsheviks on Kyiv was stopped.

20.02 – Day of Heavenly Hundred Heroes

It is honored annually in accordance with the Decree of the President of Ukraine dated February 11, 2015. “Heavenly Hundred” name the 104 protesters who died during the Revolution of Dignity and Euromaidan actions in December 2013 – February 2014. The peak of the confrontation between the Ukrainian people and the regime at that time fell precisely on February 20. On February 21, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine recognized the dead Maidan protesters as victims.

The date is set to support public initiatives and “with the aim of perpetuating the great human, civic and national courage and self-sacrifice, fortitude and resilience of citizens, thanks to which the course of the history of our country was changed, worthy of honoring the feat of the Heroes of the Heavenly Hundred who gave their lives during the Revolution of Dignity (November 2013 – February 2014), defending the ideals of democracy, defending human rights and freedoms, the European future of Ukraine”.

26.02 – Day of Resistance to Occupation of Crimea and Sevastopol

According to the Decree of the President of Ukraine dated 26.02.2020, the commemorative date was established to honor the courage and heroism of the citizens of Ukraine living in the temporarily occupied territory – in Crimea, in defense of the territorial integrity of Ukraine. It was on February 26, 2014, under the conditions of the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, that the Crimean Tatars organized a rally in support of the territorial integrity of Ukraine in the city of Simferopol.

24.04 – Remembrance Day of the Armenian Genocide

The Armenian Genocide is the deliberate physical extermination of the Armenian people that took place on the territory of the Ottoman Empire and the Republic of Turkey from 1915 to 1923. On April 24, 1915, the Turkish authorities arrested more than 5,500 Armenians, including 235 representatives of the Armenian elite. Most of them were killed. About 1.5 million Armenians became victims of the genocide.

The actions of the authorities of the Ottoman Empire (now Republic of Turkey) against the Armenian people are recognized as genocide at the legislative level by many countries of the world (in particular, Belgium, the Vatican, Poland, Portugal, the USA, France, Germany, Sweden, etc.), the European Parliament, the UN Commission, the International Association of Researchers genocide, etc.

In Ukraine, the Armenian genocide in the Ottoman Empire is recognized at the regional level.

26.04 – International Day of Remembrance of the Chernobyl Disaster and International Remembrance Day of Radiation Accidents and Disasters Victims

Introduced by a resolution of the UN General Assembly on December 8, 2016. Establishing this memorable date, the General Assembly noted that “serious long-term consequences of the Chernobyl disaster are still felt, after thirty years, and also, in connection with this, the needs of the affected local communities and territories remain”, and offered “to all member states, relevant institutions of the United Nations system and others international organizations, as well as representatives of civil society to celebrate this day”. This event is a reminder of the danger of using nuclear energy, of the heroism of the accident liquidators, and of the consequences that this disaster brought to the environment and people.

08.05 – Day of Remembrance and Reconciliation

By the resolution of the UN General Assembly dated November 22, 2004, this day was declared the Day of Remembrance and Reconciliation dedicated to the victims of World War II. It has been celebrated in Ukraine since 2015 with the aim of commemorating the feat of the Ukrainian people, their significant contribution to the victory of the Anti-Hitler coalition in World War II, paying respect to all fighters against Nazism, perpetuating the memory of fallen soldiers, victims of war, war crimes, deportations and crimes against humanity. Since 2023, this day is a holiday – the Day of Remembrance and Victory over Nazism in World War II and an official day off (Law of Ukraine No. 9278 of 29.05.2023).

14.05 – Day of Remembrance the Ukrainians, who rescued the Jews during World War II

The commemorative date is established in accordance with the Resolution of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine No. 1178-Х of 02.02.2021 “On commemorating the memory of Ukrainians who saved Jews during World War II”, as a sign of respect for the Ukrainian Righteous Among the Nations and other saviors Jews who, “risking their lives and the lives of their relatives, helped Jews escape the terror of the Nazis during the Holocaust.” In the occupied territory of Ukraine, helping Jews was much more dangerous than in the countries of Western Europe occupied by Nazi Germany. The Hitlerites punished not only the person who helped, but also his entire family.

Ukraine ranks fourth in the world (after Poland, the Netherlands, and France) in terms of the number of Righteous Among the Nations (2,691 people as of January 1, 2022).

15.05 – The Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Political Repression

Established by Decree of the President of Ukraine No. 431/2007 of 21.05.2007 with the purpose of “proper commemoration of the victims of political repression, drawing public attention to the tragic events in the history of Ukraine caused by the violent introduction of communist ideology, revival of national memory, affirmation of intolerance to any manifestations of violence against humanity.” The terror had a purposeful, organized nature and affected almost all strata of the Ukrainian nation – the intelligentsia, military, politicians, peasants, church, culture and art figures.

During the period of the Great Terror of 1937–1938 on the territory of the Ukrainian SSR, according to historians, the communist regime sentenced almost 200,000 people, of which about two-thirds were executed. The rest were sent to prisons and camps.

18.05 – The Day of Remembrance of the Crimean Tatar People Genocide Victims

It is celebrated on the anniversary of the deportation of the Crimean Tatars in 1944, as a result of which 180,014 people were evicted from the Crimean Peninsula. Most of the deportees were sent to special settlements in Uzbekistan, some to Gulag camps. According to minimal estimates, more than 30,000 Crimean Tatars died of hunger, disease, and exhaustion in just one year. In 2015, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine recognized the actions of the Soviet authorities against the Crimean Tatars as genocide of the Crimean Tatar people.

28.06 – Day of the Constitution

The public holiday is celebrated in honor of the adoption of the Constitution of Ukraine by the Verkhovna Rada in June 1996. The basic law established the legal basis of Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity. Its adoption was an important step in ensuring the rights of Ukrainian citizens and contributed to the further increase of Ukraine's authority in the world.


28.07 – Baptism Day of Kyivan Rus – Ukraine

The national commemorative date in honor of the baptism of Rus, which is celebrated annually on July 28 – the day of memory of the holy Equal-to-the-Apostles Prince Volodymyr. Established as part of the celebration of the 1020th anniversary of the baptism of Kyivan Rus, in accordance with the Decree of the President of Ukraine Viktor Yushchenko “On the Day of the Baptism of Kyivan Rus – Ukraine” No. 668/2008 of 25.07.2008.

02.08 – International Day of Remembrance of the Roma Nazi Genocide

During World War II, more than 90 % of the Roma population of Austria, Estonia, and Germany were destroyed by the Nazis and their supporters. About 20,000 Roma were exterminated in Ukraine because of the punitive actions of the German occupation authorities. On the night of August 2–3, 1944, almost 3,000 Roma were killed in the gas chambers of the Nazi death camp Auschwitz-Birkenau. In general, out of 23,000 Roma deported from 14 European countries, more than 20,000 died in the camp. According to various estimates, up to 500,000 people, or more than 25 % of the pre-war Roma population in Europe, were victims of the Roma genocide during World War II.

Memorial Day has been celebrated in Ukraine since 2004.

23.08 – European Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Stalinism and Nazism

It is celebrated annually in the countries of the European Union on the day of the signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact in 1939. This document recorded a conspiracy between two totalitarian regimes and paved the way for the start of World War II. In a secret protocol to this treaty, totalitarian regimes divided spheres of influence in Europe. Their agreements provided for the liquidation of several countries – Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia. A week after the signing of the Pact, on September 1, 1939, Nazi Germany invaded Poland, starting World War II.

24.08. – Independence Day of Ukraine

The main national holiday of Ukraine is celebrated annually in memory of the adoption of the Act of Proclamation of Independence of Ukraine by an extraordinary session of the Verkhovna Rada of the Ukrainian SSR on August 24, 1991. This day commemorates the feats of Ukrainians who fought for the establishment of Ukraine's independence before 1991, as well as the heroes of modern Russian-Ukrainian war.

29.08 – Memorial Day of defenders of Ukraine who died in the struggle for independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity

It was established in 2019 with the aim of honoring the memory of military personnel and members of volunteer formations who died in the struggle for the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine and perpetuating their heroism. The memorial date was established as a reminder of one of the bloodiest events of the war in the east of Ukraine – the Ilovaisk tragedy. On August 29, 2014, during the withdrawal of the ATO forces from the encirclement near Ilovaisk, the Russian leadership violated the agreements, and the enemy armed forces shot at the Ukrainian military columns at close range. At that time, according to official data, 366 Ukrainian soldiers were killed, 429 were wounded, 158 went missing, 300 were captured.

29.09 – The Day of Remembrance of the Babyn Yar Victims

On this day, the memory of the Babyn Yar tragedy – a symbol of the Holocaust in Ukraine – is perpetuated. On September 29 and 30, 1941, the Nazi Sonderkommando 4a of Einsatzgruppe C shot 33,771 Jews in the Babyn Yar tract, destroying almost the entire Jewish community of Kyiv. During the Nazi occupation, more than 100,000 people were shot in Babyn Yar: Jews, Roma, mentally ill, Soviet prisoners of war, Ukrainian nationalists, clergy.

13.10 – The Day of Remembrance of the Victims Shooting in the Dnipropetrovsk Botanical Garden

On October 13–14, 1941, a large-scale Nazi extermination of the Jewish population of Dnipropetrovsk (now Dnipro) took place, because of which 11,000 to 13,000 people were shot. Columns of people gathered near the central department store along Karl Liebknecht Street (now Mykhailo Hrushevskyi) headed for the beam located on the territory of the city Botanical Garden. The shootings continued for two days with a break for the night. Only some people managed to escape from death. During the occupation of the city (August 1941 – October 1943), the Nazis and their accomplices killed about 20,000 Jewish residents of Dnipropetrovsk.

01.10 – Ukraine Defender Day

The holiday “Ukraine Defender Day” was established by the Decree of the President of Ukraine No. 806/2014 of 14.10.2014 “in order to honor the courage and heroism of the defenders of the independence and territorial integrity of Ukraine, the military traditions and achievements of the Ukrainian people.” The celebration takes place on the same day as one of the biggest Christian holidays – the Intercession of the Holy Mother of God, traditionally honored by the Ukrainian military. In July 2021, by draft law No. 2325, “Ukraine Defender Day” was renamed “Ukraine Defenders Day”. In connection with the reform of the church calendar (transition to the New Julian calendar) in Ukraine from 2023, the holiday has been moved from October 14 to October 1.


28.10 – The Day of Liberation of Ukraine from the Nazi Invaders

It is celebrated annually on the day of the final expulsion of the troops of Nazi Germany and its allies during World War II beyond the borders of the modern territory of Ukraine. On October 27, 1944, Uzhhorod was liberated, on October 28, Soviet troops entered the outskirts of the town of Chop in Transcarpathia – the modern western border of Ukraine.

21.11 – Dignity and Freedom Day

Two fateful events for modern Ukraine began on this day: the Orange Revolution of 2004 and the Revolution of Dignity of 2013-2014. The Orange Revolution began as a sign of protest against massive, brutal falsifications after voting and vote counting during the 2004 presidential elections. Mass protests of 2013 started after the refusal of the then authorities to sign the Association Agreement of Ukraine with the European Union.

The celebration of the Day of Dignity and Freedom is established by the Decree of the President of Ukraine No. 872/2014 of 13.11.2014. The observance of this date contributes to the establishment of the ideals of freedom, democracy, human rights, national interests of the state and its European choice in Ukraine.


23.11 – Holodomor Memorial Day

It is celebrated annually on the fourth Saturday of November. The victims of the Holodomor artificially created by the communist authorities in 1932–1933, according to various estimates, were from 3 to 7 million Ukrainians, as well as Russians, Poles, Jews, Bulgarians, Germans and representatives of other ethnic groups who lived in national areas on the territory of the USSR.

In 2006, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine officially recognized the Holodomor of 1932–1933 as a genocide of the Ukrainian people. Also, such actions of the Soviet authorities were recognized as genocide by many countries of the world both at the state (Australia, the Vatican, Georgia, Estonia, Canada, Moldova, Germany, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Hungary, etc.) and regional levels (Argentina, Brazil, Spain, Italy, the USA, etc.). On December 15, 2022, the European Parliament adopted the corresponding resolution, which recognizes the Holodomor caused by the Soviet regime in Ukraine in 1932–1933 as genocide.

In 2022–2023, during the full-scale invasion of Ukraine by Russian troops, more than ten countries (including Great Britain, Germany, France) recognized that in 1932–1933, the Soviet Union committed genocide against the Ukrainian nation.

06.12 – Ukrainian Army Day

The Ukrainian Army Day holiday, established by Resolution of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine No. 3528-ХІI of 19.10.1993, is timed to the day of the adoption by the Verkhovna Rada of the Law “On the Armed Forces of Ukraine” (No. 1934-ХІI of 06.12.1991). The holiday also coincides with the beginning of the First Winter Campaign of the UNR Army in 1919.

On this day, servicemen of all branches of the Armed Forces are honored: Ground Forces, Naval Forces, Special Operations Forces, Airborne Assault Forces, Territorial Defense Forces, Communications and Cyber Security Forces, Medical Forces and Logistics Forces. During the years of armed Russian aggression, the holiday acquired a special significance for the entire Ukrainian people.


09.12 – International Remembrance Day of the Genocide Crime Victims

In September 2015, the UN General Assembly decided to declare December 9 as the International Remembrance Day of the Genocide Crime Victims, Commemoration of Their Human Dignity and Prevention of this Crime in order to honor the memory of people who became victims of genocide and prevent similar crimes in the future. It was on December 9, 1948 that the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide was adopted, which became one of the first international legal documents on human rights.



25.12 – Christmas Day

One of the main holidays celebrated by all Christian denominations, as well as a number of countries and organizations of the world in honor of the birthday of Jesus Christ, the son of God. The holiday ends the Christmas fast. On the eve of the holiday (Holy Evening), a solemn liturgy (God service) is held in churches. After the service, the parishioners gather as a family for the Holy Supper, a characteristic feature of which is the consumption of 12 dishes (by analogy with the 12 apostles, followers of Jesus Christ). The main one among them is the “rich kutia”, which is seasoned with honey, nuts, raisins, etc. are added. Dinner begins when the first star is seen in the sky. On the morning of Christmas there is a special greeting “Christ is born!”, to which they respond “Let's praise him!”. On this day, it is customary to go to church for a holiday prayer, visit relatives, and carol.

Traditionally, in Ukraine, the Christmas holiday was celebrated on two dates – December 25 and January 7. This is explained by the use by believers of various Christian denominations of several religious calendars (Gregorian, Julian and New Julian). For the majority of Christians in Ukraine, the Christmas holiday falls on December 25, just like for believers in most countries of Europe, Africa, as well as Australia, India, South and North America. Some Orthodox Christians who use the Julian calendar will celebrate Christmas on January 7.


31.03, 05.05 – Easter

The main Christian holiday established in honor of the Resurrection of Jesus Christ. It marks the transition from death to life, forgiveness of sins and receiving God's grace, goodness and love. A certain preparation for the holiday is observance by believers for seven weeks of Great Lent (that's how long Jesus Christ spent in the desert). It is a transitional holiday (every year the date is calculated according to the lunar-solar calendar) and falls on different days in connection with the use of one or another calendar (Julian, New Julian, Gregorian) by Christian denominations. Orthodox Christians attach great importance to the last week before Easter. During this week, Easter cakes are baked, and eggs are painted, and the strictest fast is observed. It is customary to hold an Easter service from Saturday evening. After midnight, a solemn service is held in temples and churches – Easter Matins. It is necessary to sanctify Easter eggs and eggs, meat products before sunrise. After the service, the family gathers at one table. It is customary to start a meal with eggs. After talking, it is customary to visit relatives and exchange Easter treats – to be baptized.

In 2024, believers of the Roman Catholic Church will celebrate Easter (Easter) on March 31, Orthodox Christians, as well as believers of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church – on May 5.

19.05, 23.06. – Trinity

One of the main Christian holidays, which symbolizes the appearance (descent) of God before people in all three guises in the image of the Holy Trinity: God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit. The Feast of the Trinity also means the completion of God's earthly works, which were necessary for the salvation of mankind from sin, and is also interpreted as the feast of life. The date is transitional and is associated with the Easter holiday (celebrated on the 50th day after it). On this day, Orthodox churches hold services and read prayers. Believers visit the church to light candles and pray for the health of relatives and friends, as well as to ask God to fulfill their innermost desires. Temples on the Trinity are decorated with greenery – fresh flowers and branches of young trees are placed on the floor and icons are decorated with them. Believers bring with them twigs of birch or medicinal plants, it is believed that if they are consecrated and placed at home, ailments and diseases will bypass the family.

In 2024, believers of the Roman Catholic Church will celebrate the Trinity on May 19, Orthodox Christians, as well as believers of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church – on June 23.


10.04 – Eid al-Fitr

The “Holiday of Breaking the Fast”, which is preceded by a 30-day fast in the month of Ramadan. According to tradition, it was at this time that Mecca surrendered to the Prophet Muhammad and the Koran was given to Muslims. On the day of Eid al-Fitr, all prohibitions of strict fasting are lifted, and people are allowed to serve treats on the table. After the morning collective prayer, the family gathers around a large table with festive treats. Most of the meal consists of meat products and pastries, which must be prepared in advance. Part of the dishes must be given to relatives. A special tradition is a special almsgiving on the last day of fasting, which communities send to the neediest people. On the day of the holiday, it is customary to share food with the poor. Before the holiday, Muslims put the house in order, perform a full ablution and put on their best clothes. It is customary to visit relatives and friends, as well as to visit the graves of the dead. For Muslims, it is a day of fun and a celebration of life, given by the Almighty. People greet each other by saying “Eid Mubarak!” (I wish you a blessed holiday). On the day of Eid al-Fitr, you should not do homework, quarrel, and wish bad things to others.

16.06 – Eid al-Adha

The “Feast of Sacrifice” marks the end of the pilgrimage to Mecca (Hajj), lasting three to four days. The ritual of the holiday includes a special prayer, during which every Muslim is obliged to sacrifice a sheep, cow or camel in memory of how the prophet Abraham (in Islam Ibrahim) wanted to fulfill God's command and sacrifice the only son of Isaac (Ishmael). G-d, seeing Abraham's devotion, sent an archangel with a sacrificial lamb and saved his son.

Preparations for the “Feast of Sacrifice” begin 20 days in advance. Believers do not wear rich clothes, do not cut their hair, and do not shave. Complex and hearty dishes are not put on the table. The last 10 days before the holiday are very important. Muslims try to atone for sins, do good deeds, read prayers to Allah (the Most High). The holiday begins early in the morning. People wash, dress in festive clothes and go to the mosque to pray. In the afternoon, they gather in the square for a sermon, and then go to the graves of deceased relatives and restore order there. The sacrifice takes place in the afternoon. In the evening, a festive meal is organized, which is divided into three parts: one is distributed to the needy, the second is kept for oneself, and the third is given to friends. The exchange of dishes makes the festive table more diverse and is accompanied by the words “Takabbal Allahu Minna wa minkum” (“May Allah take from you and from us”).